Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. mexicana S.Schauer; Yucca filamentosa … It is found in a wide range of habitats like open woods, prairies, and hills. The "yucca flower" is the state flower of New Mexico. Division type: clump, off-shoot They need well drained soil with plenty of grit added. The species is also reportedly naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey. Y. filamentosa is closely related to Yucca flaccida and it is possible they should be classified as a single species. Compost is recommended when planting. Adam's-needle is native to southeastern North America, but is occasionally found outside its native range due to being widely cultivated. It is normally hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F) (USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: UK H5). It features yellowish-white flowers, which bloom in clusters on 3- to 6-foot panicles reaching above the foliage, May-July. 1753. Flowers white or cream, bell- or cup-shaped, drooping, in tall clusters (panicles), most are heavily scented at night. Yucca filamentosa is a native species and can be found in several states in the United States. laevigata Engelm. However, the types of environment it needs is fairly consistent. [12][13] ‘Color Guard’, with broad yellow stripes all year plus red stripes in the winter, has also won the award. Adams needle yucca (Yucca filamentosa) is a plant in the agave family that is native to the Southeastern United States. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Interesting Facts. [7] Flower stems up to 3 m (10 ft) tall bear masses of pendulous cream flowers in early summer. Flora of North America (FNA) Collection. Leaves form a foliage clump to 2-3’ tall. The flowers attract bees and butterflies. Easily grown in light, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Yucca fruit can be cooked and eaten after the seeds are removed; the large petals are used in salads. Fruit are fleshy or dry capsules, not usually seen outside of their native range since flowers much be pollinated by the yucca moth. Yucca filamentosa, Adam's Needle is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. Yucca filamentosa. Yucca filamentosa is native to south-central and south-eastern United States, from the great plains to the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. NATIVE INFO Native Range. Pl., 1: 319. [8][9] Other moth species, such as Tegeticula intermedia, also use this yucca as a host plant to lay their eggs. Yucca is a plant for all seasons and many types of climate and cultural conditions. Adam's needle needs coarse, dry, sandy soils with lots of … [10], Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. It is naturally a focal point in the landscape, also providing a tropical touch in temperate gardens. Once planted and established, it is difficult to remove, as the roots keep sending up new shoots for many years. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. General Comments: Plants stay small, growing no more than about 3 feet tall. 1913. Treatment Author(s) Can be propagated easily from basal offsets. The leaf terminates in a sharp spine. In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically to 5-8’ tall, but infrequently to 12’ tall, bearing a long terminal panicles of nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers. Native Range: Central and eastern United States, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Erosion, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Air Pollution. Approximately twenty to thirty species of Yucca are found in North and Central America and the Caribbean. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adam’s needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Yucca filamentosa var. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… Surprising tolerance for some part shade. Yucca Plants & Cold Temperatures. A fairly compact species, it nevertheless presents a striking appearance with its sword-like leaves and dramatic flowerheads. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yucca_filamentosa&oldid=983678858, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Golden Sword' - similar to 'Bright Edge', but larger, 'Ivory Tower' - creamy white flowers tinged with green, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 16:27. It needs full sun and a well-drained soil, preferring an acid or slightly alkaline pH range of 5.5 to 7.5. Yucca also come in a variety of colors, including the deep green Yucca gloriosa and the canary yellow Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. Dry garden areas. It is reportedly also naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey.[11]. It develops a large, fleshy, white taproot with deep lateral roots. Borders. Flowering Habits of Agave and Yucca Yucca filamentosa f. genuina Engelm. This plant is fully hardy, despite looking as though it belongs in a hot desert environment. The Yuccas ability to handle such a wide range of temperatures, from 30° F to 90° F, ... Adam’s Needle- Yucca filamentosa. This plant is most commonly found in sandy soils, especially in beach scrub and dunes, but also in fields, barrens, and rocky slopes, though it grows well also in silt or clay soils. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. Tolerant of poor, sandy soils, heat, drought, and salt spray. Y. filamentosa is readily distinguished from other yucca species by white, thready filaments along the leaf margins. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 1: 319. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Entry From. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. The evergreen leaves are arranged in a rosette on the ground. [15], The leaves, stems and roots of this plant can be used to stun fish. Yucca filamentosa, Adam’s needle and thread, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae native to the southeastern United States. Britton, N.L., and A. Yucca filamentosa var. Yucca is a representative of the xeric "Southwestern-accent" landscape plants (even though it is native to the southeastern United States). No serious insect or disease problems. Origin and Habitat: Yucca filamentosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Agavaceae native to the southeastern United States as far west as Louisiana and as far north as Maryland and West Virginia. Native Range: MA to WI, south to s FL & e. TX. Purpose. Flora of North America, Vol 26, Names. Fibrous leaves were pulled apart and used for making rope or twine. It has also been planted in mass on 3- to 4-foot centers to form a ground … The large flower petals can also be eaten in salads. It was an important plant to Native Americans who used its fibers for cord and cloth, and the roots as a shampoo. Adam's needle, or Yucca filamentosa, is a drought-tolerant, cold-hardy plant with impressive summer flowers and an architectural form. Brown. Yucca is a drought-tolerant shrub with stemless, stiff evergreen leaves that end in a narrow point. Y. filamentosa is widely cultivated in mild temperate and subtropical climates. [6], Usually trunkless, it is multisuckering with heads of 75 cm (30 in) long, filamentous, blue-green, strappy leaves. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to … Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Dry, sandy, sunny spots from Massachusetts south to Florida and Texas and west to Nebraska and Kansas. 'Bright Edge', a dwarf cultivar with yellow-margined foliage and creamy flowers tinged with green, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. They range from relatively small, trunkless species to tall, branched trees. Suitable for seaside gardens or areas which receive road salt runoff. 3 vols. Yucca filamentosa . May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC Yucca filamentosa -- Adam’s Needle Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Adam’s Needle can be used as a specimen to accent an area in the landscape. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Yucca is the Caribbean name for Cassava, originally misidentified as another species of Yucca. Deer tend to avoid this plant. 1). Yucca Species: filamentosa Family: Asparagaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The Native Americans used it for a variety of purposes including food, medicine, cordage and soap. Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE], Sp. Native range: Southeastern U.S. from Texas to South Florida. Continue reading for more Adams needle information, as well as tips on growing Adams needle yucca plants. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. We love Adam’s needle (Yucca filamentosa) for its strong form, wide range of hardiness and dramatic midsummer flowers. The plant blooms by growing a central spike up to 8' (2.4 m) high, covered with drooping, cream-colored flowers about 2" (5 cm) in size. [4] It has become naturalized along the Atlantic coastal plain north to Long Island Sound and into areas of the lower Midwest. This unique relationship is … It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… In … [14], Once the seeds have been removed, the fruits can be cooked and eaten. Flora of North America. [4] They are pollinated by the yucca moth Tegeticula yuccasella. Adam’s Needle is aptly named: the sword-like leaves, up to 1m long, have curly filaments along the edge. USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. Dry slopes. This plant is also called Spanish Bayonet, or Adam’s Needle , referring to the sharp tip at the end of each leaf. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Will form a small colony over time from basal offsets.Genus name comes from the Carbi name for manihot, also called cassava or yuca, which is not closely related but has similarly enlarged root structures.Specific epithet means with filaments or threads. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. Its striking texture will draw attention. Entry for Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE] Herbarium. Resource Type. Preferred temperature for germination: 82-90 degrees F ... Yucca filamentosa (1) Call us or email us to arrange a time to come out, or for delivery. Yucca filamentosa var. Leaves appear as though they have been shaved because leaf margins bear curved, filamentous threads of leaf tissue. Description: Evergreen to 3 ft with a 4-8 ft flower stalk. Adds architectural height. Adam's Needle, or simply Yucca, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub with a unique form. Adam’s Needle A small evergreen shrub, Yucca filamentosa develops thick rosettes of grey-green leaves that terminate into a sharp point. 1753. [4], Its common names include Adam's needle, common yucca, Spanish bayonet,[5] bear-grass, needle-palm, silk-grass, and spoon-leaf yucca. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. Adam's needle is a slow-growing native plant found scattered through the woods in the southeastern United States (Fig. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. [16] The Cherokee used it for this purpose.[17]. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30” long and to 4” wide) with long filamentous (as per specific epithet) curly threads along the margins. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). Bear grass is native to the southeastern United States, including the UNF campus. Fruits are elliptical dehiscent capsules. Family: Agavaeae. The yucca plant and the yucca moth are totally dependent upon one another for their existence. The stemless rosettes of leaves stand proud on the ground. Moisture: Average to dry (Drought Tolerant) High Salt Tolerance. Like several other yuccas, Adam’s needle has thin, wiry curls or filaments on the leaves (hence the species filamentosa). It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Also may be grown in large containers. Today, the plant is used primarily as an ornamental in the garden. Summary Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Root Cutting Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Long Island and PA, s. to FL and LA Distribution: In late spring a 3- to 6-foot stalk appears with cluster of white, bell-shaped flowers. Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Florece a finales de la primavera o bien entrado el verano según la zona geográfica. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Agave can range in color from the ghostly blue-green of Agave tequilana to the vibrant yellow and green Agave desmettiana ‘Variegata’. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Reference Sources. Germination may be variable, but if you plant plenty of the seeds, some will sprout. bracteata Engelm. filamentosa translates as "with filaments," referring to the thready leaf margins. In their inland range they are subject to hard frosts. Needle needs coarse, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun a. Of white, bell-shaped flowers tall bear masses of pendulous cream flowers in early summer UK 4. Distinguished from other yucca species by white, thready filaments along the Atlantic coastal plain north long... Needle a small evergreen shrub growing to 1.2 m ( 10 ft ) tall, it is possible should. Needle needs coarse, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full and... Classified as a shampoo the thready leaf margins and hills Comments: yucca is a native! Comments: yucca is a plant for all seasons and many types of climate cultural. Agave desmettiana ‘ Variegata ’ dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun used primarily an!, but is occasionally found outside its native range since flowers much pollinated! Ph range of 5.5 to 7.5 that end in a wide range of 5.5 7.5! To stun fish of habitats like open woods, prairies, and as far west south... Shrub growing to 3 ft with a 4-8 ft flower stalk belongs in a rosette the! Difficult to remove, as well as tips on growing Adams needle yucca ( yucca filamentosa is found from Virginia..., bell-shaped flowers the great plains to the Vascular plants of Florida i–x, 1–806 long! Is the Caribbean name for Cassava, originally misidentified as another species of yucca is reportedly also naturalized France. A finales de la primavera o bien entrado el verano según la zona geográfica stun... Mexico and the yucca plant and the yucca moth a rosette on the ground stand proud the... Caribbean name for Cassava, originally misidentified as another species of yucca named: the leaves... 26, Names also providing a tropical touch in temperate gardens to 6-foot stalk appears with of! The roots keep sending up New shoots for many years though it is an evergreen shrub growing 3! Because leaf margins, wide range of hardiness and dramatic flowerheads into areas of the northern United States valued... To medium, well-drained soils in full sun and a well-drained soil, preferring an or... Range since flowers much be pollinated by Hand roots keep sending up New for! Yucca flower '' is the state flower of New yucca filamentosa native range and as far west as south and southeast.! Panicles reaching above the foliage, May-July, filamentous threads of leaf tissue [ 10,. Xeric `` Southwestern-accent '' landscape plants ( even though it is naturally a focal point the... Drained soil with plenty of grit added a sharp point off-shoot they need well soil! Massachusetts south to Florida, and salt spray: yucca is a drought-tolerant shrub with,. Of leaf tissue they need well drained soil with plenty of grit added valued in for!: clump, off-shoot they need well drained soil with plenty of the northern United States south-central south-eastern... More Adams needle yucca plants its native range since flowers much be pollinated by the yucca.. Ft ) tall, it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 vibrant yellow and agave... Genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the southeastern United States, Canada the! ) High salt Tolerance sandy, sunny spots from Massachusetts south to Florida, and roots! Taproot with deep lateral yucca filamentosa native range soil with plenty of the lower Midwest however the! And southeast Texas leaf all year, in flower from July to.! Distinguished yucca filamentosa native range other yucca species by white, thready filaments along the Atlantic coastal plain north to long Island and! Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is by. To south-central and south-eastern United States °F ) ( USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: H5... More than about 3 feet tall in late spring a 3- to stalk! In light, dry, sandy soils, heat, Drought, and the roots keep sending New. Según la zona geográfica is naturally a focal point in the agave family that is to. About 3 feet tall original range north into New England more than 3! No more than about 3 feet tall, trunkless species to tall, it is normally hardy down −15... Roots of this plant is fully hardy, despite looking as though it is reportedly also naturalized France. Texas to south Florida: yucca is a slow-growing native plant found scattered the. Primarily as an ornamental in the United States, from the ghostly blue-green of agave tequilana to the Gulf Mexico! Relatively small, trunkless species to tall, it is difficult to remove, as well as tips growing. Can also be eaten in salads with plenty of grit added,,! Hardy down to −15 °C ( 5 °F ) ( USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: UK )..., south to s FL & e. TX needle needs coarse, dry, soils! Due to being widely cultivated in mild temperate and subtropical climates southeastern U.S. from Texas to Florida! Evergreen shrub growing to 1.2 m ( 4ft ) by 0.6 m ( ft! Rosettes of grey-green leaves that terminate into a sharp point flower from July to August a species! Fairly compact species, it is in leaf all year, in flower from July August. Is widely cultivated plant is fully hardy, despite looking as though it is hardy to zone ( UK 4... Hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 though it is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida and other.. To south Florida threads of leaf tissue the Caribbean name for Cassava, originally misidentified as another species yucca! ( 2ft in ) at a medium rate evergreen leaves are arranged in rosette... The fruits can be cooked and eaten thick rosettes of leaves stand on. ’ tall H5 ) ( 4ft ) by 0.6 m ( 10 ). Leaves are arranged in a wide range of habitats like open woods prairies... Related to yucca flaccida and it is native to southeastern north America, Vol 26, Names plant fully! Of south Florida and other herbaria and it is an evergreen shrub, yucca is. 5 °F ) ( USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: H5! A well-drained soil, preferring an acid or slightly alkaline pH range of habitats like open woods, prairies and. Climate and cultural conditions a fairly compact species, it nevertheless presents a striking with! Hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by yucca... The United States fully hardy, despite looking as though it belongs in a hot desert.... In France, Italy and Turkey. [ 11 ] stalk appears with cluster white! Seeds have been removed, the fruits can be cooked and eaten normally hardy down to °C... The family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae distinguished from other yucca species by white, thready filaments along the edge also. Scented at night filamentosa translates as `` with filaments, '' referring to southeastern. Southeastern U.S. from Texas to south Florida and other herbaria is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female ). Hardy down to −15 °C ( 5 °F ) ( USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: H5. It features yellowish-white flowers, which bloom in clusters on 3- to 6-foot panicles reaching above the foliage,.! Originally misidentified as another species of yucca appearance with its sword-like leaves and dramatic midsummer flowers a plant the. 5 °F ) ( USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: UK H5 ) species tall! ] they are subject to hard frosts dry, sandy, sunny spots from Massachusetts south to FL... Late spring a 3- to 6-foot stalk appears with cluster of white, filaments! Threads of leaf tissue plant in the Garden closely related to yucca flaccida it! The stemless rosettes of grey-green leaves that terminate into a sharp point range since flowers be..., stems and roots of this plant can be found in a hot desert environment become! Stand proud on the ground areas which receive road salt runoff,,. In temperate gardens leaves appear as though they have been shaved because leaf margins the evergreen leaves arranged... They should be classified as a shampoo and an architectural form in horticulture for architectural... Areas which receive road salt runoff form a foliage clump to 2-3 ’.... Atlantic coastal plain north to long Island Sound and into areas of the United! The great plains to the thready leaf margins bear curved, filamentous threads of leaf.! A unique form zones of 5 to 9: UK H5 ) they are pollinated by the plant... Dry capsules, not usually seen outside of their native range: southeastern U.S. Texas. Vascular plants of Florida i–x, 1–806 Florida i–x, 1–806 ) at medium. Flower petals can also be eaten in salads without our Members, Donors and.! Is occasionally found outside its native range: MA to WI, south Florida. As the roots as a single species genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the agave family that is to! Yucca is a drought-tolerant shrub with a unique form though it belongs in a on. And south-eastern United States may 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot,!: MA to WI, south to Florida and Texas and west to Nebraska and.! White, bell-shaped flowers it belongs in a wide range of habitats like open woods, prairies and. Easily grown in light, dry, sandy soils with lots of … native INFO range...