But now the morning light of the gospel dawns. Scholars have been sharply divided on how to deal with it: was it a genuine prediction, demonstrating Jesus’ power, or is it evidence that Mark was written after the Temple was destroyed in … Moreover, know the time, that it is even now the very time for us to awake from sleep; for nearer now is our salvation than when we 12. believed: the night has advanced, and the day has approached; let us then cast away the works of darkness, and let us put on the 13. armor of light; let us, as in the day, walk in a becoming manner, etc. Hoc enim, quum noverimus tempus, quia hora est qua jam e somno expergiscamur (nunc enim propior est salus nostra quam quum credi-dimus,) -- Ed. 1Peter 4:7; Revelation 22:20, et al. (Galatians 3:27.). Now it is high time to awake out of sleep; Now is our salvation nearer than when we believed; and having this knowledge of the time, that, the condition in which the true moral activity of life is bound down and hindered by the power of sin, image of the state of the Christian on earth, in so far as he only at first forecasts and hopes for blessedness, regarded as near, always drawing nearer, and setting in even before the decease of the generation, ἐπειδὴ τότε τῆς ἀληθινῆς ἀπολαύομεν σωτηρίας, Moreover from that whole discussion, this exhortation is deduced, which is the shorter, in proportion as that was the longer, He, who has once begun well, from time to time approaches either nearer to salvation, or salvation, as it is said here, comes nearer to him. Every hour brings the expected end nearer. Both are necessary: for Christ is our sanctification, the author, worker, and example of it, as well as our righteousness. Knowing, seeing that ye know. Because of this, we are in a critical hour to recognize reality. [409] The preceding explanation of night and day, as here to be understood, does not comport with what is afterwards said on Romans 13:12. Rather, clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ... (Romans 13:13-14a NIV) Augustine said that at that moment he opened his life to Christ. Romans 13:11-14 The Sin of Sloth (Bowen) Dorothy Sayers, the English mystery writer says, “In the world it is called tolerance, but in hell it is called despair. But the whole tenor of what follows by no means favors this view. Romans 13:11, NLT: "This is all the more urgent, for you know how late it is; time is running out. When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, etc. Sanctification, and not justification, is the subject of the passage. -- Ed. He had known about him, but had never surrendered to him. [410]. 11. (11) And that, knowing the time.—And that there is all the more urgent motive for you to do—this law of love it is the more incumbent on you to practise—because you know what a critical moment it is in which you are living. Paying tribute is the same as “paying taxes”. The deeper the ignorance and sin, the greater is this insensibility to spiritual things, and to the duties which we owe to God and man. Paul speaks metaphorically of night as the present age and uses day to mean the coming of the Lord. Paul, the author, was a Hebrew by descent, a native of Tarsus in Cilicia, and educated by Gamaliel, the great Pharisaic teacher. The subject is wholly different. The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. -- Ed. It is evidently a new subject of exhortation, as Calvin says, and the words must be rendered as he proposes, or be viewed as elliptical; the word "I say," or "I command," according to Macknight, being understood, "This also I say, since we know the time," etc. 12. The works of darkness are shameful and wicked works; for night, as some one says, is shameless. The night has advanced, and the day, etc. [411] The case is the same with the two preceding instances; the vice which seems to follow is placed first. But afterwards, when he bids us to walk in the light, as it were during the day time, he does not continue the same metaphor; for he compares to the day our present state, while Christ shines on us. We know our duty. The armor of light represents good, and temperate, and holy actions, such as are suitable to the day; and armor is mentioned rather than works, because we are to carry on a warfare for the Lord. However, it is sadly and often true that believers are in a spiritual state of slumber and drowsiness, and because of this God must send forth a wake up call. Awake out of sleep.—A striking metaphor. The unbelieving do indeed labor under these two evils, they are blind and they are insensible; but this insensibility he shortly after designated by sleep, which is, as one says, an image of death. Likewise, he speaks of darkness as evil, light in reference to good 13:12-13. The world has been sunk in the "night" of paganism and sin. Jesus Predicts the Destruction of the Temple (Mark 13: 1-4) (Mark 12:1-12) Jesus’ prediction of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem is one of the most important features in Mark’s gospel. Now we walk in the light of the gospel. Laws reveal to us our religious and/or civic duties. Paul dictated his letter to Tertius (Romans 16:22). If we adopt "I command," or "moreover," as Calvin does, it would be better to regard the participle eidotes, as having the meaning of an imperative, este being understood, several instances of which we have in the preceding chapter, Romans 12:9,16,17. Then this declaration could not have been suitable to the Romans. For nearer is now our salvation, etc. Paul, setting a bridle on our desires, reminds us, that the cause of all intemperance is, that no one is content with a moderate or lawful use of things: he has therefore laid down this rule, -- that we are to provide for the wants of our flesh, but not to indulge its lusts. Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. This is favored by the order of the Greek words. It probably, however, has its usual meaning here, denoting that deliverance from sin and danger which awaits Christians in heaven; and is thus equivalent to the expression, "You are advancing nearer to heaven. He enters now on another subject of exhortation, that as the rays of celestial life had begun to shine on us as it were at the dawn, we ought to do what they are wont to do who are in public life and in the sight of men, who take diligent care lest they should commit anything that is base or unbecoming; for if they do anything amiss, they see that they are exposed to the view of many witnesses. D. Paul stresses an urgency righteous living 13:11-14. (11) An application taken from the circumstances of the time: which also itself puts us in mind of our duty, seeing that this remains, after which the darkness of ignorance and wicked affections by the knowledge of God's truth is driven out of us, that we order our life according to that certain and sure rule of all righteousness and honesty, being fully grounded upon the power of the Spirit of Christ. knowing the time, that now it is high time—literally, "the hour has already come.". 8 Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for whoever loves others has fulfilled the law. 1700 28th Street SE Grand Rapids, MI 49508. But we, who always stand in the sight of God and of angels, and whom Christ, the true sun of righteousness, invites to his presence, we indeed ought to be much more careful to beware of every kind of pollution. 13. For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh: The law can do many things. Note: The breakdown of the Bible into chapters (although not always adequate) ... —Romans 13:11-12. Sed induamini Dominum Iesum Christum, et carnis curam ne agatis ad concupiscentias. Romans 13:6 "For this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing." Romans 8:2 tells us we are free from the power of sin. The true, the genuine Christian life is like the state of a man whose eyes are open and whose faculties are all alert and vigorous. ), certainly believed that the Parusia, or Second Coming of Christ, was near at hand. [411], 14. The time, he says, was known to the faithful, for the calling of God and the day of visitation required a new life and new morals, and he immediately adds an explanation, and says, that it was the hour to awake: for it is not chronos but kairos which means a fit occasion or a seasonable time. [411] The case is the same with the two preceding instances; the vice which seems to follow is placed first. (Rom 13:1-2) Government's legitimate authority and the Christian's response. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 (Read Romans 13:11-14) Four things are here taught, as a Christian's directory for his day's work. This doesn't mean we break the law, but that we obey it by the power of the Spirit. 1. However, the church in Rome was not … In regard to religion they are insensible, and the slumbers of night are on their eyelids. 11. And have no care, etc. As believers in Jesus Christ we are not to be found sleeping. He has no need to feel great anxiety, excepting the eagerness of expectation, ), knowing that it is high time for you to awake out of sleep, that it is the hour for you to be already roused out of sleep, The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore put off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Both are necessary: for Christ is our sanctification, the author, worker, and example of it, as well as our righteousness. Romans 14:10 The Greek word for brother or sister (adelphos) refers here to a believer, whether man or woman, as part of God’s family; also in verses 13, 15 and 21. It Is High Time We Surrendered Absolutely! The subject is wholly different. The meaning is," Hitherto we have walked in darkness and in sin. [412] Many have explained "the putting on" here in a manner wholly inconsistent with the passage, as though the putting on of Christ's righteousness was intended. Therefore let us lay aside the … Paul established churches in many cities. Romans 13 is a very hard passage to wrap one's brain around. The import then of the words is this, "Since we know that the seasonable time has already come, in which we should awake from sleep, let us cast aside whatever belongs to the night, let us shake off all the works of darkness, since the darkness itself has been dissipated, and let us attend to the works of light, and walk as it becomes those who are enjoying the day." If these have in them so much filthiness, that even carnal men are ashamed to commit them before the eyes of men, it behooves us, who are in the light of God, at all times to abstain from them; yea, even when we are withdrawn from the presence of men. Others, to increased "light" and knowledge of the gospel, so that they could more clearly discern their duty than when they became believers. Since we have been justified by faith, we are at peace with God. The first is what is here described, but the latter is what the passage refers to. As to the third vice, though contention is put before envying, there is yet. Romans 8:1 tells us we are free from the guilt of sin. Others suppose it refers to deliverance from "persecutions." Romans 14:11 Isaiah 45:23 Romans 14:23 Some manuscripts place 16:25-27 here; others after 15:33. Romans 13:11 Commentaries: Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. The "previous" time had been a period of ignorance and darkness, when oppression, and falsehood, and sin abounded. To put on Christ, then, is to put on his virtues and graces, to put on or be endued with his spirit, to imitate his conduct and to copy his example. 3. Living in the light of the coming of the day (13:11-14) Instructions for the ‘weak’ and the ‘strong’ (14:1-15:13) Paul’s ministry and future plans (15:14-33) Conclusion (16:1-27) Ben Witherington (Socio-Rhetorical Commentary) Witherington takes a distinct approach by reading the letter through the lens of … The reference is apparently to the Lord's second coming, rather than to future glory. Romans 5:12-19. Salvation here, as in Romans 8:24, and in 1 Peter 1:9, means salvation made complete and perfect, the full employment of all its blessings. For Paul had in view the end of our calling; inasmuch as God, by adopting us, unites us to the body of his only-begotten Son, and for this purpose, -- that we, renouncing our former life, may become new men in him. It is an example of the Apostle's mode of writing similar to what we find in Romans 11:29, as to "the gifts and calling of God," and in verse 33, as to "the wisdom and knowledge of God." Calvin keeps to what accords with the context, the putting on of Christ as to his holy image. Hoc enim, quum noverimus tempus, quia hora est qua jam e somno expergiscamur (nunc enim propior est salus nostra quam quum credi-dimus,). As long as we carry about us our flesh, we cannot cast away every care for it; for though our conversation is in heaven, we yet sojourn on earth. -- Ed. This was in strict accordance with Mark 13:32, and resulted naturally from the peculiar form of the Jewish Messianic expectation. The night of heathen ignorance as to Christians had already passed, and the day of gospel light was not approaching, but had appeared. Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in orgies, and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. Moreover, know the time, that it is even now the very time for us to awake from sleep; for nearer now is our salvation than when we 12. believed: the night has advanced, and the day has approached; let us then cast away the works of darkness, and let us put on the 13. armor of light; let us, as in the day, walk in a becoming manner, etc. But the whole tenor of what follows by no means favors this view. Every day brings us nearer to a world of perfect light. He says that one of the first signs of the approaching collapse is the breakdown of law and order since civilization consists of law and order. People, by nature, are active only in deeds of wickedness. His purpose was in various ways to exhort us, -- at one time to meditate on our future life; at another, to contemplate the present favor of God. It is the sin that believes in nothing, cares for nothing, interferes with nothing, enjoys nothing, hates nothing, finds purpose in nothing. Indeed in no other sense can what is said here of night and day be appropriate. It can guide us, teach us, and tell us about God’s character. Some suppose that by it the apostle refers to the personal reign of Christ on the earth. The time (τὸν καιρόν), the particular season or juncture. We are sure that the God of light is around us, and is a witness of all we do. for now is our salvation—rather, "the salvation," or simply "salvation.". The humiliation of the cross was still a stumbling-block to them taken alone, but falling back upon another portion of their beliefs, they looked to see it supplemented, and its shameful side cancelled, by a second coming “in power and great glory.” Their previous expectations, vague as they were, led them to regard this as part of the one manifestation of the Messiah, and they did not expect to see a long interval of time interposed. -- Ed. It is in this way that we shall use this world without abusing it. ESV, Romans 8:5-8: 5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. Taking just views of the shortness and the value of time; of the design for which it was given, and of the fact that it is, in regard to us, rapidly coming to a close. Referring to the injunction of Romans 13:8. But he was careful not to upset anyone else’s work (Romans 15:20). Revelling is first mentioned, though drunkenness goes before it; and "chambering," or concubinage, or indulgence in unlawful lusts is first stated, though lasciviousness or wantonness is the source from which it proceeds. Sleep - Inactivity; insensibility to the doctrines and duties of religion. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. The things then which belong to the body must be taken care of, but not otherwise than as they are helps to us in our pilgrimage, and not that they may make us to forget our country. Revelling is first mentioned, though drunkenness goes before it; and "chambering," or concubinage, or indulgence in unlawful lusts is first stated, though lasciviousness or wantonness is the source from which it proceeds. And the sleep mentioned here is not the sleep of ignorance and unbelief, but the sleep, the torpor, or inactivity of Christians. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.com. The word for “time” is different from that used in the next clause, and means a definite and critical season. (Rosenmuller.) We are going soon to meet him, and it becomes us to rouse, and to do those deeds, and those only, which will bear the bright shining of the light of truth, and the scrutiny of him who is "light, and in whom is no darkness at all;" 1 John 1:5. He mentions here three kinds of vices, and to each he has given two names, -- intemperant and excess in living, -- carnal lust and uncleanness, which is connected with it, -- and envy and contention. The whole passage would then read better in this manner, -- 11. But the particles at the beginning, And this, are to be read by themselves, for they are connected with what is gone before; as we say in Latin Adhoec -- besides, or proeterea -- moreover. The reason for writing the book of Romans was to share the gospel and teach that our righteousness comes by faith in Jesus Christ apart from what we can do to earn it. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. Moreover, etc. Romans 13:11-14. II. The other rendering would lay an unwarranted emphasis on our. This is in addition to the putting him on as our righteousness, and not as a substitute for it. Wake up, for our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed." just at their Father's house, ready to enter into the joy of their Lord, into his everlasting kingdom and glory, and yet asleep! Nox progressa est, dies vero appropinquavit: abjiciamus ergo opera tenebrarum, et induamus arma lucis. Sanctification, and not justification, is the subject of the passage. the day-spring from on high hath visited us, to give light to us who sat in darkness and in the region of the shadow of death, and to guide our feet into the way of peace. Romans 8:19; Romans 8:23, “the manifestation of the sons of God,” “the redemption of the body;” Luke 21:28, “your redemption draweth nigh.”). The dawn of day, the approaching light of the morning, is the time to arouse from slumber. 13 Sicut in die decenter ambulemus; non comessationibus neque ebrietatibus, neque eubilibus neque lasciviis, neque contentione neque aemulatione: 14. 1. [410] The words kai touto, according to Beza, Grotius, Mede, etc., connect what follows with the preceding exhortation to love, "And this do, or let us do, as we know," etc. Romans, A Study Guide - From The Executable Outlines Series by Mark A. Copeland - Hundreds of free sermon outlines and Bible study materials available for … Sleep is "the kinsman of death," and it is the emblem of the insensibility and stupidity of sinners. The sum of what he says is, -- that as soon as God begins to call us, we ought to do the same, as when we conclude from the first dawn of the day that the full sun is at hand; we ought to look forward to the coming of Christ. For no man can plead that he has fulfilled all his obligations to God and to his neighbour; nor can any truly say that he has fully acted up to the light afforded him. The Author. b. The night is almost gone, and the day is near. (Read Romans 1:18-25) The apostle begins to show that all mankind need the salvation of the gospel, because none could obtain the favour of God, or escape his wrath by their own works. He wrote this to the Romans, who, as they were rich, so they were drained by taxes and impositions, to the just and honest payment of which they are here pressed by the apostle. Others, however, and better, as Rev., construe ἡμῶν of us (salvation of us, i.e., our) with nearer, and render salvation is nearer to us. All besides, whatever it be, the state of heathenism or of imperfect and lukewarm Christianity, is like the torpor of sleep. And still further considering, that the time in which you live is the time of the gospel, a period of light and truth, when you are particularly called on to lead holy lives, and thus to do justly to all. [412] On this account he says also in another place, that we put on Christ in baptism. Considering the time; a busy time; a perilous time. This is to be understood, not of the dead sleep of sin, in which unconverted persons are, to be awoke out of which is a work of divine power; but of the carnal security and drowsy frame of spirit which sometimes attend the churches and children of God, the wise as well as the foolish virgins; and lies in grace being dormant in, the soul; in a backwardness to duty, and a slothfulness in the performance of it; in resting in the outward duties of religion; in lukewarmness about the cause of Christ; in an unconcernedness about sins of omission and commission; and in a willingness to continue in such a sluggish frame: all which arise from a body of sin and death, and an over anxious care for the things of the world; from a weariness in spiritual exercises, and an abstinence from spiritual company and ordinances and from outward peace and liberty: such a frame of spirit, when, it prevails and becomes general is of bad consequence to the churches of Christ; the spirit of discerning, care and diligence in receiving members, are in a great measure lost, and so they are filled with hypocrites and heretics; Christ absents himself from them; leanness of soul is brought upon them; and they are in danger of being surprised with the midnight cry: the methods God takes to awaken his people out of such a sleep are various; sometimes in a more gentle way, by the discoveries his love, which causes the lips of those that are asleep to speak; sometimes by severe reproofs in the ministry of the word; and sometimes by sharp persecutions in providence; and at last it will be done by the midnight cry: the argument, showing the reasonableness of awaking out of sleep, and that it was high time to do so, follows. `` the kinsman of death, but on account of persecution went into Arabia the guilt of sin it... 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